Pretest 1

Pretest 1 


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  1. 00:00:14 

    1Constructing a breakwater in Boston harbor is an example of how humans 

    • adapt to their environment

    • spread ideas and information 
    • restore their environment 
    • change their environment to suit their needs


  2. 00:00:24 

    _____ Which statement best describes the Reformation? 

    • the attempt of various monarchs to change the tax system

    • a result of the printing press

    • a movement to change the Catholic Church for the better

    • the creation of standing armies


  3. 00:00:44 

    Which country was England's chief rival in Newfoundland? 

    • France

    • Sweden

    • Netherlands

    • Spain


  4. 00:00:51 

    As a result of the Columbian Exchange 

    • contagious diseases wiped out much of the population of Europe

    • relations between Native Americans and Europeans improved

    • the diet of both Western and Eastern hemispheres became more diverse

    • Native Americans were taken to Europe in large numbers


  5. 00:00:56 

    What was one effect of the encomienda system? 

    • Colonists got workers for their plantations

    • European demand for sugar grew. 
    • Haciendas were built near Lima and Mexico City. 
    • Spanish control over the colonies decreased.


  6. 00:01:04 

    Europeans turned to enslaved Africans for plantation labor because Africans had 

    • no immunity to European diseases 
    • no allies in the Americas to help them escape

    • only farming skills and no other way of making a living

    • been promised their children would go free if they worked hard


  7. 00:01:21 

    How did colonies benefit English merchants? 

    • Colonies provided a source of cheap labor. 
    • Colonies provided new towns where merchants could establish factories.

    • Colonies provided finished products.

    • Colonies provided cheap raw materials


  8. 00:01:30 

    What was a result of the destruction of the Spanish Armada? 

    • Portugal began to move into Spanish territories.

    • Elizabeth was crowned queen of England.

    • Spain was unable to rebuild its navy.

    • England remained Protestant and ruled the seas. 

  9. 00:01:40 

    Taking slaves from Africa to the West Indies was part of the 

    • triangular trade.

    • colonial smuggling operations

    • work of pirates.

    • way New England avoided having many slaves.


  10. 00:01:49 

    In 1649, the Maryland assembly took which of the following actions? 

    • sold Lord Baltimore's cattle to pay troops.

    • legalized slavery and made Maryland a royal colony.

    • encouraged GErman, Swiss and Scottish people to settle there.

    • adopted the Act of Toleration.


  11. 00:01:51 

    One reason why Puritans lost religious control of New England is that 

    • the Puritans stopped supporting elections and representative government.

    • a new charter guaranteed religious freedom to all protestants in Massachusetts.

    • the Salem witchcraft trials led many young Puritans to become Baptists or Anglicans 
    • Puritan immigrants stopped coming to New England


  12. 00:02:00 

    The Dutch in New York and the Quakers in Pennsylvania both did which of the following? 

    • taxed people to support a particular denomination.

    • passed laws forbidding slavery.

    • developed the iron, glass, and furniture industries.

    • established the practice of religious tolerance. 

  13. 00:02:15 

    Why did Parliament pass the Sugar and Stamp Acts? 

    • to pay for gifts to Native Americans to keep them west of the Appalachians. 
    • to control the kinds of businesses and contracts colonists entered into. 
    • to reverse the effect of the boycott against British goods.

    • to pay part of the cost for frontier defense and colonial government.


  14. 00:02:18 

    Whose philosophy is the Declaration of Independence based on? 

    • John Adams 
    • Benjamin Franklin

    • Thomas Jefferson

    • John Locke


  15. 00:02:23 

    According to Thomas Jefferson, what unalienable rights did all men have? 

    • protection, property, and self-government.

    • life, liberty, and property.

    • life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

    • protection, the pursuit of happiness, and sef-government.


  16. 00:02:29 

    The French fleet helped the Americans at the Battle of Yorktown by 

    • carrying Washington's army to Virginia.

    • stopping Cornwallis's troops from escaping by sea.

    • delivering supplies to the Americans. 
    • delivering information between Washington and Rochambeau.


  17. 00:02:35 

    What problems did the nation face under the Articles of Confederation? 

    • The new government could not raise enough money

    • Foreign countries did not respect the nation. 
    • The new government could not settle disputes between states. 
    • All of the above. 

  18. 00:02:44 

    In the debate over the Constitution, Federalists favored 

      1. A bill of rights.A bill of rights.

    • Due process of law. 
    • A strong national government. 
    • Strong state governments. 

  19. 00:02:50 

    The Bill of Rights guarantees American citizens 

    • The right to a speedy trial. 
    • Due process of law. 
    • Freedom of speech. 
    • All of the above 

  20. 00:02:56 

    Among the powers shared by the national and state governments is 

    • Establishing foreign policy. 
    • Setting weights and measures. 
    • Raising taxes and coining money. 
    • Providing for the public welfare 

  21. 00:03:00 

    The idea of Manifest Destiny meant that 

    • The U.S. should expand to the Pacific 
    • Indians had an equal claim to the lands of the West. 
    • Slavery should be allowed in the West. 
    • No more European colonies would be allowed in the Americas. 

  22. 00:03:07 

    Gold was discovered in 1848 in which of the following states 

    • Alaska 
    • California 
    • Colorado 
    • Oregon 

  23. 00:03:08 

    All of the following were causes of westward movement EXCEPT 

    • The search for gold

    • The desire for religious freedom. 
    • Victory in the War of 1812. 
    • The search for good farm land. 

  24. 00:03:09 

    As a result of westward movement, the U.S. gained 

    • Texas, California, and Florida 
    • Texas, California, and Oregon. 
    • Oregon, Washington, and Louisiana

    • New Mexico, Arizona, and Louisiana


  25. 00:03:11 

    Abolitionists felt that slavery should 

    • Be permitted south of the Missouri Compromise line only. 
    • Be permitted in the territories if voters chose it. 
    • Be banned only in the South. 
    • Be banned throughout the country. 

  26. 00:03:12 

    Lincoln’s election led many southerners to believe that 

    • The South controlled the nation’s government. 
    • Slavery was evil. 
    • A compromise between North and South had become possible. 
    • The South must secede from the Union. 

  27. 00:03:13 

    The Dred Scott decision angered northerners because it 

    • Said the Republican party was unconstitutional. 
    • Allowed slavery in all the territories. 
    • Said John Brown was guilty of murder. 
    • Upheld the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. 

  28. 00:03:14 

    The Emancipation Proclamation said that 

    • All slaves in the Union and the Confederacy were freed immediately. 
    • Slaves in states loyal to the Union were freed. 
    • Slaves in states still in rebellion were freed. 
    • Northern blacks could enlist in the Union army. 

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